MIDTERM #2 REVIEW SHEET

Midterm #2 covers chapters 3, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18 and lectures 4/27, 5/2, 5/4, 5/9, 5/11, 5/16, and 5/18. If a chapter/lecture isn't noted here, it's coming--check back later.

(The final exam will be cumulative, covering all chapters--including 19 and 20--and lecture notes for the entire quarter.)

Chapter 3 - Gender Issues

- Know the difference between "sex" and "gender"
- Distinguish between gender identity and gender role.
- List and describe the six different levels of gender identity formation
from a biological perspective: chromosomal, gonadal, hormonal, internal
reproductive structures, external genitals, sex differentiation of the brain
- What are some abnormalities in prenatal sex differentiation?
- Explain how social learning factors influence gender identity formation
- Discuss "transsexualism". What is gender dysphoria/ sex
reassignment surgery?
- Define and give examples of gender based stereotypes
- Define "androgyny"

Chapter 10 - Sexual Orientations

- Define the following terms: homosexual, gay, lesbian, sexual
orientation, and bisexual
- Describe Kinsey's continuum of sexual orientation and compare it to the
findings in the National Health and Social Life Survey
- Discuss four different types of bisexuality
- Discuss some cross cultural perspectives on homosexuality
- Define homophobia and discuss various ways in which it may be
expressed. How can societal attitudes on homosexuality change?
- Discuss the psychosocial and biological theories regarding how sexual
orientation develops
- Discuss what research has revealed regarding homosexual relationships
and homosexual family life
- Define "coming out" and describe five different steps that may be
involved in that process
- Discuss significant events in the Gay Rights movement

Ch. 11- Contraception

1. Explain when efforts to control contraception first began and be able
to list various contraceptive methods that have been used throughout history.

2. What variables influence the effectiveness of birth control? Be able
to describe these influences.

3. Which birth control methods are the most effective? Which are the least?

CONTRACEPTION LECTURE

1. Name the three big categories of contraception methods. Be able to
name 2 specific methods that fall under each category.

2. Describe the Billings Method (fertility awareness). How effective is
this method?

3. Name three pluses and three minuses of the "pill".

Ch. 13 Review- Development

1. Discuss examples that demonstrate how infants of
both sexes are born with the capacity for sexual
pleasure and response.
2. Discuss common features of sexual development that
occur during childhood and cite research that supports
these various phases.
3. Describe the differences between adolescents of
different ethnicities and gender regarding puberty,
coitus, masturbation and sexuality.
4. What are some guidelines that the text suggests in
talking to your children about sex?
5. What are some ways to help reduce the adolescent
pregnancy rate?

Ch. 14 Review- Development

1. Discuss the institution of marriage, making
specific reference to the following; statistically how
common it is and what marital trends indicate;
changing expectations and marital patterns; factors
that contribute to marital satisfaction as well as
factors that are indicative of marital discord; and
sexual behavior patterns within marriage.
2. Describe consensual and nonconsensual extramarital
relationships; noting the motivations for , the
prevalence and the effects of it
3. Discuss divorce, making specific reference to the
following; divorce rates; how covenant marriage is
attempting to lower divorce rates; adjustments a
person must make as a result of a divorce; sexual
behavior of divorced people.
4. Discuss some of the reasons why aging in our
society is wrongfully associated with sexlessness and
how the double standard relates to male and female
sexual expression throughout the aging process.
5. Explain why people tend to become more androgynous
when they age and how that may be expressed.
6. Discuss how attitudes toward marriage and
extramarital affairs vary cross-culturally.


Chapter 15: Sexual difficulties

What are some origins of sexual difficulties.?Include organic, cultural, individual, and relationship factors.
What are the sexual effects of some abused and illicit drugs?
How do sexual problems correlate with education level?
What are some factors resulting in dyspareunia in women and men?
The text describes Desire-Phase, Exitement-Phase,and Orgasm Phase difficulties.Name said difficulties indicating into which phase they fall and describe how men and women are effected by them.
Why is using the term 'impotence' discouraged?
How does the way others react to childhood genital exploration affect how
children learn to feel about their anatomy?
What is the sexual double standard?
Be able to explain the individual factors that can contribute to sex
difficulties: knowledge and attitudes, self-concept, emotional
difficulties, sexual abuse/assault.

Sexual difficulties lecture
% adults who have experienced sexual difficulties.
Difference in diagnosis of female vs male disorders.
Know the definitions, %s and causes of(when said info given in lecture)
Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Sexual Aversion Disorder
Female Sexual Arousal Disorder
Male Erectile Disorder
Orgasmic Disorders
Premature Ejaculation
Dyspareunia

Ch. 16 : Sex therapy
What are some methods of treating disorders outlined in chapter 15 as discussed in chapter 16.
Be able to briefly describe the most common sex therapy techniques.
What are some of the basic elements - discussed in the chapter - that
contribute to a positive sexuality and tend to facilitate positive results
of sex therapy?
What are some of the medical treatment options for erectile difficulties?
Under what circumstances are they a good alternative to therapy?
Understand the four levels of therapy in the PLSSIT model.
Understand the distinction between psychosexual and system therapy.
Be able to discuss how cultural differences may influence the way sexual
problems are perceived and the effectiveness of the treatment.
What is vaginismus and some sugestions given for dealing with it?
What are some ways for men to delay ejaculation?
What are some ethical/legal issues around sex therapy.

Ch. 17- STDs

1. What are some of the factors that make the incidence of sexually
transmitted diseases go up?

2. Describe the cause, incidence and transmission, symptoms and
complications and treatment alternatives for the following vaginal
infections: bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, and trichomoniasis.

3. What are pubic lice and scabies? How are they treated? How are they
transmitted?

4. In what age group do STDs most commonly occur?

5. Describe strategies that will help reduce the likelihood of
contracting a STD.

6. HIV/AIDS

*What causes HIV and how is it diagnosed? How is AIDS diagnosed?
*When was HIV first recognized in the U.S. and around the world?
*What are some of the serious diseases to which AIDS patients are vulnerable?
*What is the world-wide incidence rate of HIV infection?
*What are the symptoms of AIDS?
*What is the HIV antibody test?
*How is it treated?
*How is it prevented?

lecture 5.11

1. What are the two categories of STDs? List which specific STDs fall
under each category.

2. Describe the cause, symptoms, what happens if it is left untreated,
and the test/treatment for EACH of the following STDs.....gonorrhea,
chlamydia, syphilis, chancroid, herpes, hepatitis A, B, and C, and HPV.

3. How are most STDs transmitted?


Ch. 18: Sexual disorders: paraphilias

What are paraphilias?
What does the text suggest might be a factor in the seeming predominance
of males involved in atypical sexual behaviors?
Name and briefly describe the four fairly common types of noncoercive
paraphilias discussed in the text. Give an example of a less common variety
of noncoercive paraphilia.
According to the text, what might be one way that fetishism develops?
Give an example.
What might be some of the factors associated with the development of
transvestism?
Why, according to the text, is it complicated to label behavior as sexual
sadism or sexual masochism?
What factors might motivate a person to engage in SM activity?
Name and briefly describe three very common forms of coercive paraphilic
behavior. Give an example of an uncommon coercive paraphilia.
What might influence a person to engage in exhibitionism?
According to the text, what is an appropriate response if someone exposes
himself to you?
What advice does the text give for dealing with obscene phone calls?
Why is psychotherapy generally ineffective in treating coercive
paraphilias?
List and briefly describe the behavior therapy techniques outlined in the
text.
What is the major advantage of drug treatment of coercive paraphilias?

Ch. 19 (for final exam only)

Why is it difficult to obtain accurate statistics on the number of rapes
and rape victims in the U.S.?
What factors might deter a woman from reporting a rape?
What are some false beliefs about rape? Be able to give at least three
examples.
According to the text, what kinds of factors might account for such wide
variation in rape statistics among different societies?
Discuss current efforts by feminist activists in Peru to repeal a
particular rape law.
Citing relevant research, describe some of the psychosocial bases of rape.
Describe the characteristics of men who rape.
List and describe the four different types of rapes and rapists.
Discuss recent research regarding acquaintance rape and sexual coercion.
How prevalent is it? What factors contribute to people engaging in unwanted
sexual activity? Why might some women say "no" when they mean "yes"? What
is Rohypnol?
What are some short term and long term effects of rape on female
survivors? Discuss rape trauma syndrome and suggestions regarding how to
respond to a partner who has been raped.
How frequently are men the victims of rape and sexual assault? Who are
the perpetrators? What are some of the problems with the data in this area?
Describe some of the physical, psychological, and sexual effects on men
who have been raped.
List and briefly describe nine suggestions for reducing the risk of
stranger rape. List and briefly describe five suggestions for how to deal
with threatening situations involving strangers.
List and briefly describe six suggestions for reducing the risk of
acquaintance rape.
What are five ways a woman can take action if she has been raped?
Distinguish between pedophilia and incest, and discuss some of the
differences in defining child molestation.
Discuss the sexual abuse of children, citing specific information and
current research as it relates to:
a) in what situations and under what conditions it commonly occurs.
b) How prevalent it is and the problems with these statistics.
c) How incidence of abuse in girls compares to that of boys.
Identify treatment programs available for child sexual abuse survivors.
Describe characteristics of the person who sexually abuses children.
Discuss the controversy surrounding the issue of recovered memories of
child sexual abuse.
Define sexual harassment and describe two types of sexual harassment as
provided by the EEOC guidelines.
Discuss the various forms that sexual harassment can take.
Discuss some of the problems unique to same sex sexual harassment.
Outline and describe six guidelines for dealing with sexual harassment in
the workplace.



GO BACK HOME


MIDTERM #2 REVIEW SHEET

Midterm #2 covers chapters 3, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18 and lectures 4/27, 5/2, 5/4, 5/9, 5/11, 5/16, and 5/18. If a chapter/lecture isn't noted here, it's coming--check back later.

(The final exam will be cumulative, covering all chapters--including 19 and 20--and lecture notes for the entire quarter.)

Chapter 3 - Gender Issues

- Know the difference between "sex" and "gender"
- Distinguish between gender identity and gender role.
- List and describe the six different levels of gender identity formation
from a biological perspective: chromosomal, gonadal, hormonal, internal
reproductive structures, external genitals, sex differentiation of the brain
- What are some abnormalities in prenatal sex differentiation?
- Explain how social learning factors influence gender identity formation
- Discuss "transsexualism". What is gender dysphoria/ sex
reassignment surgery?
- Define and give examples of gender based stereotypes
- Define "androgyny"

Chapter 10 - Sexual Orientations

- Define the following terms: homosexual, gay, lesbian, sexual
orientation, and bisexual
- Describe Kinsey's continuum of sexual orientation and compare it to the
findings in the National Health and Social Life Survey
- Discuss four different types of bisexuality
- Discuss some cross cultural perspectives on homosexuality
- Define homophobia and discuss various ways in which it may be
expressed. How can societal attitudes on homosexuality change?
- Discuss the psychosocial and biological theories regarding how sexual
orientation develops
- Discuss what research has revealed regarding homosexual relationships
and homosexual family life
- Define "coming out" and describe five different steps that may be
involved in that process
- Discuss significant events in the Gay Rights movement

Ch. 11- Contraception

1. Explain when efforts to control contraception first began and be able
to list various contraceptive methods that have been used throughout history.

2. What variables influence the effectiveness of birth control? Be able
to describe these influences.

3. Which birth control methods are the most effective? Which are the least?

CONTRACEPTION LECTURE

1. Name the three big categories of contraception methods. Be able to
name 2 specific methods that fall under each category.

2. Describe the Billings Method (fertility awareness). How effective is
this method?

3. Name three pluses and three minuses of the "pill".

Ch. 13 Review- Development

1. Discuss examples that demonstrate how infants of
both sexes are born with the capacity for sexual
pleasure and response.
2. Discuss common features of sexual development that
occur during childhood and cite research that supports
these various phases.
3. Describe the differences between adolescents of
different ethnicities and gender regarding puberty,
coitus, masturbation and sexuality.
4. What are some guidelines that the text suggests in
talking to your children about sex?
5. What are some ways to help reduce the adolescent
pregnancy rate?

Ch. 14 Review- Development

1. Discuss the institution of marriage, making
specific reference to the following; statistically how
common it is and what marital trends indicate;
changing expectations and marital patterns; factors
that contribute to marital satisfaction as well as
factors that are indicative of marital discord; and
sexual behavior patterns within marriage.
2. Describe consensual and nonconsensual extramarital
relationships; noting the motivations for , the
prevalence and the effects of it
3. Discuss divorce, making specific reference to the
following; divorce rates; how covenant marriage is
attempting to lower divorce rates; adjustments a
person must make as a result of a divorce; sexual
behavior of divorced people.
4. Discuss some of the reasons why aging in our
society is wrongfully associated with sexlessness and
how the double standard relates to male and female
sexual expression throughout the aging process.
5. Explain why people tend to become more androgynous
when they age and how that may be expressed.
6. Discuss how attitudes toward marriage and
extramarital affairs vary cross-culturally.


Chapter 15: Sexual difficulties

What are some origins of sexual difficulties.?Include organic, cultural, individual, and relationship factors.
What are the sexual effects of some abused and illicit drugs?
How do sexual problems correlate with education level?
What are some factors resulting in dyspareunia in women and men?
The text describes Desire-Phase, Exitement-Phase,and Orgasm Phase difficulties.Name said difficulties indicating into which phase they fall and describe how men and women are effected by them.
Why is using the term 'impotence' discouraged?
How does the way others react to childhood genital exploration affect how
children learn to feel about their anatomy?
What is the sexual double standard?
Be able to explain the individual factors that can contribute to sex
difficulties: knowledge and attitudes, self-concept, emotional
difficulties, sexual abuse/assault.

Sexual difficulties lecture
% adults who have experienced sexual difficulties.
Difference in diagnosis of female vs male disorders.
Know the definitions, %s and causes of(when said info given in lecture)
Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Sexual Aversion Disorder
Female Sexual Arousal Disorder
Male Erectile Disorder
Orgasmic Disorders
Premature Ejaculation
Dyspareunia

Ch. 16 : Sex therapy
What are some methods of treating disorders outlined in chapter 15 as discussed in chapter 16.
Be able to briefly describe the most common sex therapy techniques.
What are some of the basic elements - discussed in the chapter - that
contribute to a positive sexuality and tend to facilitate positive results
of sex therapy?
What are some of the medical treatment options for erectile difficulties?
Under what circumstances are they a good alternative to therapy?
Understand the four levels of therapy in the PLSSIT model.
Understand the distinction between psychosexual and system therapy.
Be able to discuss how cultural differences may influence the way sexual
problems are perceived and the effectiveness of the treatment.
What is vaginismus and some sugestions given for dealing with it?
What are some ways for men to delay ejaculation?
What are some ethical/legal issues around sex therapy.

Ch. 17- STDs

1. What are some of the factors that make the incidence of sexually
transmitted diseases go up?

2. Describe the cause, incidence and transmission, symptoms and
complications and treatment alternatives for the following vaginal
infections: bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, and trichomoniasis.

3. What are pubic lice and scabies? How are they treated? How are they
transmitted?

4. In what age group do STDs most commonly occur?

5. Describe strategies that will help reduce the likelihood of
contracting a STD.

6. HIV/AIDS

*What causes HIV and how is it diagnosed? How is AIDS diagnosed?
*When was HIV first recognized in the U.S. and around the world?
*What are some of the serious diseases to which AIDS patients are vulnerable?
*What is the world-wide incidence rate of HIV infection?
*What are the symptoms of AIDS?
*What is the HIV antibody test?
*How is it treated?
*How is it prevented?

lecture 5.11

1. What are the two categories of STDs? List which specific STDs fall
under each category.

2. Describe the cause, symptoms, what happens if it is left untreated,
and the test/treatment for EACH of the following STDs.....gonorrhea,
chlamydia, syphilis, chancroid, herpes, hepatitis A, B, and C, and HPV.

3. How are most STDs transmitted?


Ch. 18: Sexual disorders: paraphilias

What are paraphilias?
What does the text suggest might be a factor in the seeming predominance
of males involved in atypical sexual behaviors?
Name and briefly describe the four fairly common types of noncoercive
paraphilias discussed in the text. Give an example of a less common variety
of noncoercive paraphilia.
According to the text, what might be one way that fetishism develops?
Give an example.
What might be some of the factors associated with the development of
transvestism?
Why, according to the text, is it complicated to label behavior as sexual
sadism or sexual masochism?
What factors might motivate a person to engage in SM activity?
Name and briefly describe three very common forms of coercive paraphilic
behavior. Give an example of an uncommon coercive paraphilia.
What might influence a person to engage in exhibitionism?
According to the text, what is an appropriate response if someone exposes
himself to you?
What advice does the text give for dealing with obscene phone calls?
Why is psychotherapy generally ineffective in treating coercive
paraphilias?
List and briefly describe the behavior therapy techniques outlined in the
text.
What is the major advantage of drug treatment of coercive paraphilias?

Ch. 19 (for final exam only)

Why is it difficult to obtain accurate statistics on the number of rapes
and rape victims in the U.S.?
What factors might deter a woman from reporting a rape?
What are some false beliefs about rape? Be able to give at least three
examples.
According to the text, what kinds of factors might account for such wide
variation in rape statistics among different societies?
Discuss current efforts by feminist activists in Peru to repeal a
particular rape law.
Citing relevant research, describe some of the psychosocial bases of rape.
Describe the characteristics of men who rape.
List and describe the four different types of rapes and rapists.
Discuss recent research regarding acquaintance rape and sexual coercion.
How prevalent is it? What factors contribute to people engaging in unwanted
sexual activity? Why might some women say "no" when they mean "yes"? What
is Rohypnol?
What are some short term and long term effects of rape on female
survivors? Discuss rape trauma syndrome and suggestions regarding how to
respond to a partner who has been raped.
How frequently are men the victims of rape and sexual assault? Who are
the perpetrators? What are some of the problems with the data in this area?
Describe some of the physical, psychological, and sexual effects on men
who have been raped.
List and briefly describe nine suggestions for reducing the risk of
stranger rape. List and briefly describe five suggestions for how to deal
with threatening situations involving strangers.
List and briefly describe six suggestions for reducing the risk of
acquaintance rape.
What are five ways a woman can take action if she has been raped?
Distinguish between pedophilia and incest, and discuss some of the
differences in defining child molestation.
Discuss the sexual abuse of children, citing specific information and
current research as it relates to:
a) in what situations and under what conditions it commonly occurs.
b) How prevalent it is and the problems with these statistics.
c) How incidence of abuse in girls compares to that of boys.
Identify treatment programs available for child sexual abuse survivors.
Describe characteristics of the person who sexually abuses children.
Discuss the controversy surrounding the issue of recovered memories of
child sexual abuse.
Define sexual harassment and describe two types of sexual harassment as
provided by the EEOC guidelines.
Discuss the various forms that sexual harassment can take.
Discuss some of the problems unique to same sex sexual harassment.
Outline and describe six guidelines for dealing with sexual harassment in
the workplace.



GO BACK HOME